Corneal transplant involves removing the central area of a patient’s cornea and replacing it with a new cornea from a donor. The surgery is a same-day outpatient procedure that usually takes less than an hour and is performed under sedation. Once the damaged cornea is removed, the surgeon stitches the transplanted cornea in place.
An eye patch and shield are used to protect the eye after surgery until the post-operative appointment the following day. Strenuous physical activity should be limited until healing has occurred. Subsequent clinic visits are scheduled to assess healing and remove the sutures as needed. Although full visual recovery can take a year or more, the eye is comfortable in about a week.
The cornea is the clear “watch crystal” of the eye. Anything that alters the clarity or contour of the cornea can reduce vision. Examples of the above would include scars from infection or trauma, swelling from hereditary diseases, or thinning from collagen diseases.
Corneal tissue is acquired from human donors upon death. Transplants can either be full thickness, (penetrating keratoplasty), partial thickness, (Descemet’s stripping endothelial keratoplasty) or ultrathin transplants (Descemet’s membrane endothelial keratoplasty). The Eye Guys offer all of the above transplant options as an outpatient at Eye Surgery Center of Augusta.
For more information, or to find out if you are a candidate for this procedure, please call: